Pilar do Sul

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Pilar do Sul
Flag of Pilar do Sul
Coat of arms of Pilar do Sul
Nascente das Águas (Spring of Waters)
Location in São Paulo state
Location in São Paulo state
Pilar do Sul is located in Brazil
Pilar do Sul
Pilar do Sul
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 23°48′46″S 47°42′57″W / 23.81278°S 47.71583°W / -23.81278; -47.71583Coordinates: 23°48′46″S 47°42′57″W / 23.81278°S 47.71583°W / -23.81278; -47.71583
Country Brazil
RegionSoutheast Brazil
StateSão Paulo
Metropolitan RegionSorocaba
 • PrefectJanete Pedrina de Carvalho Paes (PSDB)
 • Total681.12 km2 (262.98 sq mi)
689 m (2,260 ft)
 (2020 [1])
 • Total29,402
 • Density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (BRST)
Postal code

Pilar do Sul is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Sorocaba.[3] The population is 29,402 (2020 est.) in an area of 681.12 km².[2] The elevation is 689 m.


The history of Pilar do Sul city began in 1850, when drovers, hunters and miners passed through the region to search precious metals. The place name may derive from the fact that many families from the state of Minas Gerais came to the locality to acquire stones that they used to make pestles to tenderize meat. In Portuguese the word "Pilar" means “to pestle.” The local stone was also used for tanning leather of hunted animals. Another possible source of the city’s name may stem from the religiosity of those Minas Gerais’ families, who had great devotion to Our Lady of Pilar, a Spanish Saint.[4]

In 1865, Lieutenant Almeida acquired an allotment in the region and brought slaves to build a farm, and after that he built a small chapel in honor of Bom Jesus do Bomfim, to which he was devoted. In 1868, the lieutenant gave the land to the Diocese of Sorocaba. In 1877, João Batista Ribeiro, with permission of the bishop at the time, founded the town of Pilar, raising the town to the category of parish by a providential law. On May 12, 1891, through a decree, the town became a municipality, and on 20th of the same month stewardship of the town was established, with Eusebio de Moraes Cunha named as the first mayor of Pilar.[5]

The city was slow to develop during the twentieth century. The poor roads and the sluggish growth of agriculture caused stagnation and the loss of political autonomy, with the town becoming a district of Piedade city in 1934. On November 5, 1936, Pilar regained its autonomy as a town. In March of the following year, Eugenio Theodoro Sobrinho took office as first elected mayor. In the same year, the House of Councilors passed a law that gave away lands within the town to all who wanted to build buildings of any kind. In 1944, the city officially changed its name to “Pilar do Sul."[6]

Recently, Pilar do Sul has grown every year, giving greater emphasis to agricultural development, which is responsible for 70% of the municipal economy. Tourism, largely attributable to the beauty of local natural springs known as the "Spring of Waters," has also begun to develop, providing a boost to the city’s economy.




  1. ^ IBGE 2020
  2. ^ a b Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
  3. ^ "Governo do Estado de São Paulo, Lei Complementar nº 1.241, de 8 de maio de 2014". Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 2015-09-29.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  4. ^ Governo do Estado de São Paulo, Lei Complementar nº 1.241, de 8 de maio de 2014.
  5. ^ Governo do Estado de São Paulo, Lei Complementar nº 1.241, de 8 de maio de 2014.
  6. ^ Governo do Estado de São Paulo, Lei Complementar nº 1.241, de 8 de maio de 2014.