Terry County, Texas
The Terry County Courthouse in Brownfield
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Benjamin Franklin Terry|
|• Total||891 sq mi (2,310 km2)|
|• Land||889 sq mi (2,300 km2)|
|• Water||2.1 sq mi (5 km2) 0.2%%|
|• Density||14/sq mi (5/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Terry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 12,651. Its county seat is Brownfield. The county was demarked in 1876 and organized in 1904. It is named for Benjamin Franklin Terry, a colonel in the Confederate Army. Terry County was one of 46 dry counties in the state of Texas, but is now a moist county.
In 1877, the ill-fated Nolan Expedition crossed the county in search of livestock stolen by Comanche renegades. The various Indian tribes had moved on by the time of white settlement, due to the depletion of the buffalo herds by hunters.
Terry County was organized in 1904, with Brownfield as the county seat.
The county was settled by ranchers such as Ira J. Coulver, J. R. Quinn, Englishman Q. Bone, and Marion V. Brownfield. By 1910 Terry County had 235 farms and 23,000 acres (93 km2) of improved land, with corn being the most important crop.
Terry County lies in the oil-rich north Permian Basin, and the discovery of oil in 1940 quickly led to production. By 1991 almost 363,143,000 barrels (57,735,100 m3) of crude had been extracted from Terry County lands since 1940.
In 1991, Terry County was among the leading cotton counties in Texas.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 891 square miles (2,310 km2), of which 889 square miles (2,300 km2) are land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.2%) are covered by water.
- Hockley County (north)
- Lynn County (east)
- Dawson County (southeast)
- Gaines County (south)
- Yoakum County (west)
- Cochran County (northwest)
- Lubbock County (northeast)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, 12,761 people, 4,278 households, and 3,247 families were residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (6/km2). The 5,087 housing units had an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 76.55% White, 5.00% African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 14.30% from other races, and 3.40% from two or more races. About 44.09% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.
Of the 4,278 households, 35.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.70% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.10% were not families. About 22.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76, and the average family size was 3.23.
The county's age distribution was 28.40% under 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,090, and for a family was $33,339. Males had a median income of $24,321 versus $20,131 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,860. About 19.20% of families and 23.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.50% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.
The county is served by a weekly newspaper, nearby stations KJJT-FM (Los Ybanez) and KPET-AM (Lamesa), and the various Lubbock radio and TV stations. KKUB-AM and KTTU-FM are licensed to Brownfield, but operate primarily from offices and studios in Lubbock.
Cities and towns
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 26, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- "Wet/Dry Status of Texas Counties as of November 2010". Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
- "Buffalo Hunted to Near-Extinction Due to Lack of Government Regulation?". A Beginner's Guide to Freedom. 2 August 2007. Retrieved 16 December 2010.
- Leffler, John; Hunt, William R. "Terry County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 16 December 2010.
- Kenneth c. Anderson (2) (1953). "AAPG Bulletin, Vol 37". AAPG Bulletin. American Assn of Petroleum Geologists. 37. doi:10.1306/5CEADC80-16BB-11D7-8645000102C1865D. Retrieved 16 December 2010.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-31.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Terry County, Texas.|
- Terry's Texas Rangers
- Terry County government’s website
- Terry County from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Terry County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties