U.S. Route 224
|Auxiliary route of US 24|
|Length||288.21 mi[a] (463.83 km)|
|West end||US 24 / SR 5 / SR 9 at Huntington, IN|
|States||Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania|
|Counties||IN: Huntington, Wells, Adams |
OH: Van Wert, Putnam, Hancock, Seneca, Huron, Ashland, Medina, Summit, Portage, Mahoning
U.S. Route 224 (US 224) is a spur of US 24 that runs through the states of Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania. It currently runs for 289 miles (465 km) from Huntington, Indiana, at US 24 to New Castle, Pennsylvania, at US 422 Business (US 422 Bus.) and Pennsylvania Route 18 (PA 18). It goes through the cities of Canfield, Ohio, Akron, Ohio, and Findlay, Ohio. In Northeast Ohio, US 224 is located a short distance north of the Western Reserve's southern boundary.
From the western terminus at US 24, US 224 heads southeast concurrent with State Road 5 (SR 5). US 224 and SR 5 heads through downtown Huntington as one-way streets, with eastbound on Cherry Street and State Street and westbound on Warren Street. From downtown US 224 and SR 5 head southeast then outside of downtown SR 5 heads due south and US 224 heads east. US 224 passes through Markle where US 224 has an interchange with Interstate 69 (I-69) and intersections with both SR 116 and SR 3. US 224 heads east towards Decatur passing through intersections with SR 301 and SR 1. In Decatur US 224 has a short concurrency with US 27 and US 33. US 224 heads east from Decatur towards Ohio passing through a short concurrency with SR 101.
The only section of U.S. Route 224 in Indiana that is included in the National Highway System is the part concurrent with US 27 and US 33. Traffic reports from the Indiana Department of Transportation in 2010 showed that the lowest traffic levels were the 2,420 vehicles and 670 commercial vehicles using the highway daily near the Ohio state line; the highest traffic levels were the 21,680 vehicles and 1,690 commercial vehicles traveling along the section of US 224 that is concurrent with US 27 and US 33.
West of its concurrency with US 42 near Lodi, US 224 is a rural arterial highway, mostly two lanes, across western Ohio. It runs roughly parallel to the former Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from its westerly US 42 junction to Tiffin, a city around which it sweeps to the south with intersections at various state highways that radiate out from downtown. US 224 passes through a commercial strip on the south side of Willard, and goes through downtown Findlay and Ottawa, but it otherwise specializes in small towns along its course across northwest Ohio. It crosses US 250 east of Greenwich; State Route 4 (SR 4), a major north–south route, at Attica; US 23 south of Fostoria, and I-75 in Findlay, and has brief concurrences with US 127 and US 30 near Van Wert. It crosses the Ashland Railway just east of Willard, the Norfolk Southern Railway at Attica, CSX Transportation near US 23, in Findlay, and in Ottawa, and the Chicago, Fort Wayne and Eastern Railroad west of Van Wert.
East of Lodi, US 224 meets the western terminus of I-76, with which it forms a concurrency. It is in this area, US 224 enters the Connecticut Western Reserve. Less than a mile later, both routes intersect with I-71. US 224 continues along with I-76 to Akron. Here, I-76 exits and heads north. Continuing on US 224, the route runs concurrently with I-277, a short auxiliary highway running through southern Akron. I-277 quickly ends, leaving US 224 to continue into a heavily wooded area. The highway then intersects with SR 43, SR 44, SR 169, SR 225, SR 24, SR 45 and SR 46. Shortly after crossing over SR 11, US 224 enters Boardman Township in Mahoning County. This stretch of US 224, through Canfield, Boardman and Poland, is known for its chronic congestion. The original routing of US 224 through the village of Poland turned southeast on Main Street (formerly SR 90, now SR 170) to Riverside Drive, then north on Riverside Drive to the current alignment. In 1954 a bridge was built across Yellow Creek and a new road was constructed from Main Street to Riverside Drive, including an intersection with Water Street (SR 616). As US 224 leaves the village of Poland it continues through rural terrain as it heads towards Pennsylvania.
US 224 crosses into Mahoning Township in Lawrence County, Pennsylvania and becomes West State Street, a two-lane undivided road. The road heads through wooded areas with some homes and commercial establishments, heading to the east-southeast. The route curves to the northeast in Peanut and passes over Norfolk Southern's Youngstown Line, coming to an intersection with PA 551. Here, PA 551 turns northeast to form a concurrency with US 224. The road heads through wooded areas and crosses the Mahoning River and CSX's New Castle Subdivision railroad line. PA 551 splits from US 224 by heading north on North Edinburg Road, with US 224 continuing into wooded areas with some farm fields. The road turns to the southeast and enters Union Township. The route continues through wooded areas with some farmland and homes, passing to the south of New Castle Municipal Airport and heading through the community of Parkstown. US 224 heads into businesses areas, gaining a second lane westbound before widening into a six-lane divided highway as it comes to an interchange with I-376/US 422.
Past this interchange, the road becomes a three-lane road with a center left-turn lane and passes through a mix of residences and businesses, running through the community of Oakwood. The route heads into the city of New Castle and passes through wooded areas of development, gaining a second westbound lane and coming to an intersection with US 422 Business. At this point, US 422 Business turns east to join US 224 on four-lane divided West Falls Street, passing more development and crossing over a New Castle Industrial Railroad line and the Shenango River. The road heads to the east and continues through commercial areas. US 224 ends at an intersection with PA 18, at which point US 422 Business turns south to join that route.
US 224 was assigned to a portion of the Benjamin Franklin Highway, an auto trail running from Omaha, Nebraska to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; its number assignment was an alternative to a westward rerouting of US 422 which runs along the Benjamin Franklin Highway farther east.
When US 224 was commissioned in Indiana in 1934, it replaced State Road 16 (SR 16), from Huntington to the Ohio state line.
Although US 224 is only in Pennsylvania for 10 miles, the eastern terminus has changed several times since 1933, ending at various points in New Castle, Pennsylvania or in adjacent Union Township west of the city. The eastern terminus has been moved five times (1936, 1947, 1974, 1977, 2008), the most notable of which was in the 1970s when the New Castle Bypass opened in 1974 and the state extended US 224 through the city and into Shenango Township at the eastern terminus of the bypass, taking over US 422's old alignment after that highway was moved to the bypass.
The route was truncated back at the current interchange with US 422 and I-376 in 1977 while the old alignment through New Castle was replaced by Business US 422. This would be the case until March 20, 2008, when US 224 was officially extended two miles (3.2 km) to PA 18 inside the New Castle city limits with the placement of new signs. The Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) requested approval from the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) for the extension in August 2007. and received it the following month.
The extension of US 224 marked the second extension of a major highway into downtown New Castle in a little more than a year, as Pennsylvania Route 65 was extended a mile from its previous terminus with Business 422 to the PA 108/PA 168 concurrency in February 2007.
Due to a higher-than-average number of crash-related injuries and fatalities along a stretch of US 224 in Medina County, Ohio, the Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) recommended converting three intersections, Vandemark, Westfield and Leroy roads, to restricted crossing U-turns. The highest-priority intersection, with Westfield Road in Westfield Township, was awarded $578,000 in ODOT funding and began construction in May 2019 and finished by the end of Summer 2019.
|Indiana||Huntington||Huntington||0.000||0.000||US 24 / SR 5 north / SR 9 – Fort Wayne, Wabash||Western terminus of US 224 and its concurrency with SR 5|
|3.178||5.114||SR 5 south – Warren, J. Edward Roush Lake||Eastern end of SR 5 concurrency|
|I-69 – Indianapolis, Fort Wayne||I-69 exit 286|
|10.199||16.414||SR 116 east||Western terminus of SR 116|
|10.972||17.658||SR 3 south – Hartford City||Northern terminus of SR 3|
|Wells||Kingsland||20.005||32.195||SR 1 – Fort Wayne, Bluffton|
|23.947||38.539||SR 301 south – Craigville||Northern terminus of SR 301|
|Adams||Decatur||31.984||51.473||US 27 north / US 33 north||Northern end of US 27/US 33 concurrency|
|32.201||51.822||US 27 south / US 33 south||Southern end of US 27/US 33 concurrency|
|Union Township||36.240||58.323||SR 101 north – Monroeville||Western end of SR 101 concurrency|
|37.238||59.929||SR 101 south||Eastern end of SR 101 concurrency|
|Indiana–Ohio state line|
|Ohio||Van Wert||Harrison Township||1.47||2.37||SR 49 south – Willshire||Western end of SR 49 concurrency|
|5.10||8.21||SR 49 north – Convoy||Eastern end of SR concurrency|
|US 30 west – Fort Wayne||Western end of US 30 concurrency|
|Van Wert||14.50||23.34|| US 30 east – Upper Sandusky|
US 127 south – Celina
|Eastern end of US 30 concurrency; southern end of US 127 concurrency|
|15.85||25.51||US 127 north – Paulding||Northern end of US 127 concurrency|
|||21.68||34.89||SR 637 north||Southern terminus of SR 637|
|Putnam||Monterey Township||27.73||44.63||SR 66 north – Defiance||Western end of SR 66 concurrency|
|Ottoville||28.72||46.22|| SR 66 south – Delphos|
|Eastern end of SR 66 concurrency; western terminus of SR 189|
|28.83||46.40||SR 189 east||Western terminus of SR 189|
|Jackson Township||31.67||50.97||SR 634|
|32.92||52.98||SR 190 south||Northern terminus of SR 190|
|Kalida||37.16||59.80||SR 114 west||Eastern terminus of SR 114|
|37.29||60.01||SR 115 north – Continental||Western end of SR 115 concurrency|
|37.49||60.33||SR 115 south – Lima||Eastern end of SR 115 concurrency|
|Glandorf||45.08||72.55||SR 694 west||Eastern terminus of SR 694|
|Ottawa||46.29||74.50||SR 15 north / SR 65 / SR 109 north||Western end of SR 15 concurrency; southern terminus of SR 109|
|Hancock||Blanchard Township||60.58||97.49||SR 235|
|62.60||100.74||SR 186 north||Southern terminus of SR 186|
|Findlay||67.09||107.97||I-75 / SR 15 south – Toledo, Lima, Upper Sandusky||Eastern end of SR 15 concurrency|
|69.01||111.06||SR 12 west / SR 37 south||Western end of SR 12 concurrency; northern terminus of SR 37|
|70.19||112.96||SR 12 east – Fostoria||Eastern end of SR 12 concurrency|
|Seneca||Loudon Township||82.41||132.63||US 23 / SR 199 – Upper Sandusky, Toledo|
|Tiffin||91.99||148.04||SR 18 – Fostoria, Bellevue|
|Hopewell Township||93.33||150.20||SR 53 – Upper Sandusky, Fremont|
|Clinton Township||94.87||152.68||SR 231|
|96.10||154.66||SR 100 – Bucyrus|
|Scipio Township||101.19||162.85||SR 67 – Upper Sandusky|
|103.30||166.25||SR 19 – Bucyrus, Fremont|
|Attica||110.23||177.40||SR 4 – Bucyrus, Marion, Sandusky|
|119.51||192.33||SR 99 north||Southern terminus of SR 99|
|121.84||196.08||SR 61 / SR 598|
|Greenwich Township||132.09||212.58||SR 13|
|Ashland||Ruggles Township||135.63||218.28||US 250|
|Lodi||154.77||249.08||US 42 west / SR 421 east||Southern end of US 42 concurrency; western terminus of SR 421|
|158.89||255.71||US 42 east / SR 421 west||Northern end of US 42 concurrency; eastern end of SR 421|
I-76 west to I-71 – Columbus, Cleveland
|Western end of I–76 concurrency; western terminus of I–76; I-71 exit 209|
|178.45||287.19||14||Cleveland Massillon Road|
|Barberton||181.33||291.82||17A||State Street||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance only|
|Akron||181.63||292.31||17||SR 619 south / East Avenue/Kenmore Boulevard|
| I-76 east|
|Eastern end of I–76 concurrency; western end of I–277 concurrency; western terminus of I–277|
|184.61||297.10||3||South Main Street|
|185.88||299.14||4||I-77 / I-277||Eastern end of I–277 concurrency; signed as exits 4A (south) & 4B (north); eastern terminus of I–277; I-77 exit 122|
|187.35||301.51||Akron Fulton International Airport||Eastbound exit and entrance only|
|Springfield Township||190.08||305.90||SR 91||Southern terminus of SR 91|
|191.90||308.83||SR 532 north||Southern terminus of SR 532|
|Portage||Suffield Township||194.32||312.73||SR 43|
|Randolph Township||199.61||321.24||SR 44|
|Atwater||204.89||329.74||SR 183 north||Northern end of SR 183 concurrency|
|205.42||330.59||SR 183||Eastern end of SR 193 concurrency|
|||208.00||334.74||SR 225 south||Western end of SR 225 concurrency|
|Deerfield Township||210.49||338.75||SR 14 / SR 225 north||Eastern end of SR 225 concurrency|
|Mahoning||Berlin Township||215.98||347.59||SR 534|
|Canfield||224.72||361.65||SR 446 south||Northern terminus of SR 446|
|225.76||363.33||US 62 / SR 46|
|Boardman Township||228.38||367.54||SR 625 north||Southern terminus of SR 625|
|232.77||374.61||I-680||I-680 exit 11|
|Ohio–Pennsylvania state line|
|Pennsylvania||Lawrence||Mahoning Township||4.33||6.97||PA 551 south (Jackson Street)||Western end of PA 551 concurrency|
|4.95||7.97||PA 551 north (North Edinburg Road)||Eastern end of PA 551 concurrency|
|Union Township||7.86||12.65||I-376 / US 422 (Benjamin Franklin Highway) – Sharon, Butler||I-376/US 422 exit 13; former eastern terminus of US 224 (1977-2008)|
US 422 Bus. west (Sampson Street)
|Western end of US 422 Bus. concurrency|
US 422 Bus. east / PA 18 (North Jefferson Street)
|Eastern terminus of US 224 and its concurrency with US 422 Bus.|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Google (April 25, 2011). "Overview Map of US 224 in Indiana" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- Federal Highway Administration (December 2003). National Highway System: Indiana (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved October 16, 2012.
- Indiana Department of Transportation (2010). "Indiana Traffic Counts". Indianapolis: Indiana Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- Google (December 30, 2011). "Overview of US 224 in Pennsylvania" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 30, 2011.
- Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (2011). Lawrence County, Pennsylvania Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 21, 2011.[permanent dead link]
- Weingroff, Richard F. "U.S. 22 – The William Penn Highway". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. Sections "More Pennsylvania Problems" and "Ben Franklin Highway". Retrieved December 18, 2020.
- "US 224". Pennsylvania Highways.[self-published source]
- Bichler, Allen D. (August 17, 2007). "An Application from the State Highway or Transportation Department of Pennsylvania for Extension of a U.S. Route 224" (PDF). Letter to American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved September 17, 2016 – via American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials.
- Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (September 29, 2007). "Report for SCOH" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 16, 2017.
- Ohio Department of Transportation District 3 (March 14, 2017). "US-224 Highway Safety Project (meeting handout)" (PDF). Retrieved October 13, 2018.
- Indiana Department of Transportation (July 2016). Reference Post Book (PDF). Indianapolis: Indiana Department of Transportation. US 224. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
- "Straight Line Diagrams". Ohio Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- "Pennsylvania Stateroads". Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on June 3, 2012. Retrieved November 20, 2012.