1934 in Canada

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Years in Canada: 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937
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Years: 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937

Events from the year 1934 in Canada.



Federal government[edit]

Provincial governments[edit]

Lieutenant governors[edit]


Territorial governments[edit]



Arts and literature[edit]



January to March[edit]

Jean Chrétien

April to June[edit]

July to September[edit]

Leonard Cohen in 2008

October to December[edit]


Historical documents[edit]

B.C. MLA Gerry McGeer says depression not "due to a reckless public" but businessmen who "expanded far beyond the needs of the time"[1]

Prime Minister Bennett says nothing "spectacular" will be done to regain economic stability[2]

Conservatives note 25,000 fewer families on relief by end of 1933, but C.C.F. leader finds no improvement in situation[3]

Bill introduced to create Bank of Canada with initial capital of $5 million and "appropriate limitations" on loans[4]

Newfoundland goes under rule by commission "until the credit of the country has been restored"[5]

P.E.I. premier says Island's farming and fishing are "at low ebb," with fishermen "in dire straits"[6]

Bennett government's resources marketing bill will end cutthroat competition in fisheries[7]

P.E.I. merchant finds 1932 Commonwealth trade agreements have produced much export shipping in Halifax[8]

Canadian Jewish Congress will raise $950,000 for German Jewish refugees and ruined businesses in Germany and Poland[9]

MP Samuel William Jacobs indicts German consul-general in Montreal for anti-Semitic pamphlet "Germany's Fight for Western Civilization"[10]

Prairie provinces and federal government assuming dictatorial powers over wheat in emergency control laws[11]

Agriculture deputy minister tells Senate committee how Prairie grasshopper losses as high as 60% will be reduced to less than 10%[12]

"Officials and supporters of the Wheat Pools of Western Canada" give advice to farmers by radio broadcast[13]

Quebec dairy farmer tells Senate committee why he only breaks even and what causes Montreal milk middlemen to lose money[14]

Toronto chain store, needle trade and other employers pay far below minimum wage while city expends $6.6 million in relief[15]

"Preparation of a cavity for an Indian is exactly the same as for anyone else" - Dentist explains cost realities at Mohawk Institute Residential School[16]

Indigenous art (described in past tense as it is "rapidly passing away") can be reinvigorated if promoted to tourists[17]


  1. ^ Testimony of G.G. McGeer (May 1, 1934), Proceedings of Select Standing Committee of the House of Commons on Banking and Commerce, pg. 687. Accessed 23 October 2020
  2. ^ C.R. Blackburn, "Steady Recovery Is Gov't Policy(...); Hard Work And Thrift Only Means Of Lasting Recovery Claims Premier Bennett" The Charlottetown Guardian (February 6, 1934), pg. 1. Accessed 5 June 2020
  3. ^ Canadian Press, "25,679 Decrease In Families On Relief Payments" The Charlottetown Guardian (February 2, 1934), pgs. 1, 3. Accessed 5 June 2020
  4. ^ Canadian Press, "Ottawa Moves to Form Central Bank" The Charlottetown Guardian (February 23, 1934), pgs. 1, 3. Accessed 5 June 2020
  5. ^ Canadian Press, "Newfoundland Loses Self-Gov't Today" The Charlottetown Guardian (February 16, 1934), pg. 1. Accessed 5 June 2020
  6. ^ Canadian Press, "Maritimes Doing All In Their Power To Cut Expenditures" The Charlottetown Guardian (January 15, 1934), pgs. 1, 3. Accessed 5 June 2020
  7. ^ Canadian Press, "Marketing Bill Shown Essential To Recovery Of Maritime Fisheries" The Charlottetown Guardian (April 27, 1934), pgs. 1, 8. Accessed 5 June 2020
  8. ^ "Empire Trade a Great Boon to Halifax" The Charlottetown Guardian (January 10, 1934), pg. 1. Accessed 5 June 2020
  9. ^ "Canadian Congress Will Launch Relief Campaign for Striken Jewry" Jewish Western Bulletin, Vol. V, No. 9 (Vancouver, May 31, 1934), pg. 1. Accessed 5 June 2020
  10. ^ Minister of Justice Hugh Guthrie, "Questions; German Consul-General in Canada" (February 28, 1934), House of Commons Debates, 17th Parliament, 5th Session: Vol. 1, pgs. 1028-9. Accessed 5 June 2020
  11. ^ "Drastic Wheat Control Law For Emergencies" Regina Leader-Post (March 14, 1934), pg. 1. Accessed 5 June 2020
  12. ^ "Minutes of Evidence" (March 14, 1934), Proceedings of the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Forestry; Re: Conditions of Agriculture Generally, pgs. 4-8. Accessed 6 October 2020
  13. ^ The Canadian Wheat Pools On the Air; A Series of Radio Messages (1935). Accessed 5 June 2020
  14. ^ "Minutes of Evidence" (March 21, 1934), Proceedings of the Standing Committee on Agriculture and Forestry; Re: Conditions of Agriculture Generally, pgs. 21-4. Accessed 6 October 2020
  15. ^ Canadian Press, "Sweatshop Conditions Pictured" The Charlottetown Guardian (February 28, 1934), pg. 1. Accessed 5 June 2020
  16. ^ Letter of F.W. Landymore to Department of Indian Affairs (May 18, 1934), National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation Archives. Accessed 9 September 2021 https://archives.nctr.ca/R00009870 (click on Master file PDF)
  17. ^ H.E.M. Chisholm, "Native Canadian Arts and Handicrafts and Their Relation to the Tourist Trade" Proceedings of the [Senate] Special Committee on Tourist Traffic, pgs. 187-90. Accessed 6 October 2020 https://parl.canadiana.ca/view/oop.com_SOC_1705_3_1/205?r=0&s=1